Interaction and Adaptation in Western Eurasia: Persia, Greece, and Rome, 550 BCE–600 CE

Roman foot soldiers fighting in semiclosed ranks.

"King of kings," the title of Persian rulers.

Period of Greek history from 323 BCE to 31 BCE.

Basic Christian doctrine defining faith as belief in God, the Father; Jesus Christ, his son of the same substance; and the Holy Ghost.

Temples where humans could consult priests or priestesses to determine the will of the gods.

Heavily armed and protected cavalry soldiers.

Jewish meeting places for prayer and legal consultation.

Greek foot soldiers fighting in closed ranks, called "phalanxes."

Realm of reality above and beyond the limits of sensory experience.

Representation in painting or sculpture that is highly restrained or severe in emotional import.

State without a royal dynasty and with an elected executive.