The Optimism and the Anguish of the 1960s, 1960–1969

A little over a year after the Bay of Pigs fiasco, in October 1962, the installation of Soviet missiles in Cuba prompted the __________, the most dramatic nuclear standoff of the Cold War.

After the close call of the Cuban missile crisis, the United States and the Soviet Union signed a __________ in August 1963, ending above ground atomic testing, but allowing continued testing underground.

In 1966, Betty Friedan helped found the __________, which advocated an end to laws that discriminated against women, opportunity to work any job, and equal pay for equal work.

In 1966, Congress created __________, a system in which the federal government provided states matching grants to pay for medical costs of poor people of all ages.

The __________ formed in Minneapolis in 1968 and was inspired by the November 1969 occupation of Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay.

The most controversial Supreme Court decision on criminal rights was __________ (1966), which expanded the Fifth Amendment's prohibition on self-incrimination.

During the fall campaign of 1960, Kennedy challenged voters to explore and conquer a __________, which inspired millions of Americans to believe they could improve their country.

The __________ consisted of groups of young activists who intentionally distanced themselves from the ideological infighting, communism, and labor organization of the Old Left.

The Great Society included an ambitions __________ program designed to encourage physical and economic revitalization of the nation's poorest urban areas.

In Latin America, Kennedy hoped to counter the appeal of communism and Fidel Castro's successful revolution in Cuba in 1959 by initiating the __________, a multibillion-dollar aid program for Latin America.

Young people profoundly influenced trends in popular culture and many experimented with alternative lifestyles in the __________ during the second half of the decade.

Founded in Oakland in 1966 by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale, the __________ advocated self-determination and armed self-defense against police brutality.