A New Industrial and Labor Order, 1877–1900

__________ contributed to the pressured, regimented atmosphere of the American workplace because employers believed they could get more out of workers by paying them by the completed "piece" of a product, rather than an hourly wage.

Public outcry over concentrations of wealth, combinations, and monopolies forced Congress to pass the __________ in 1890.

Eugene V. Debs, a veteran activist in the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen, believed that railway workers could increase their power by organizing one industry-wide union, so he founded the __________ in 1893.

Headed by Samuel Gompers, the __________ embodied "bread and butter" unionism, embracing capitalism and rejecting the long-range, utopian goals of the Knights of Labor.

Federal and state government provided little regulation for the burgeoning new economic order. __________ was gospel to businessman and the politicians they supported.

After years of breathing in coal dust, coal miners often died from __________.

Henry Demarest Lloyd's writings launched a new genre of reporting, investigative journalism, which was derided by critics as __________.

Marketing required salesmen to travel extensively __________, selling their goods in small towns and country stores.

Pioneered by the railroads, the __________ differed from those established earlier in the century in size, scale, and organization.

Fears of communism, socialism, and __________, all of which aimed to dismantle the capitalist system, place the judicial system overwhelmingly on the side of employers.

Published in 1888, Edward Bellamy's __________ provided a fictional critique of the new industrial order.

Founded in 1869 in Baltimore, originally as a secret organization, the __________ aimed to organize all laboring people into one large, national union.