1. What are the main opportunities and risks of criminological engagement – or of disengagement?
  2. Why might academic independence be particularly important in the penal sphere? What might limit it and what might enable it?
  3. When, and in what sense, might criminologists reasonably claim to ‘know best’ about crime and punishment?
  4. Choose one of the examples of criminological engagement in this chapter. What would you regard as the strengths or weaknesses of the approach taken to engagement in this case?
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