1. Are nation states an adequate framework for comparative research in criminology?
  2. What are the strengths and limitations of homicide data as indicators of cross-national differences in levels of violence?
  3. Are weak institutions and poor state governance a primary cause of cross-national differences in crime levels?
  4. How similar are the causes of crime across different cultures and societies? Review the evidence.
  5. Select an empirically supported criminological prevention or intervention approach: To what extent can the approach be transported across societies, and what factors influence whether it is likely to be effective?
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