Visual Source: Theodor de Bry, Image from Historia Americae sive Novi Orbis

European Exploration, Perception of the Other, and the Columbian Exchange

How did Europeans perceive the new people they encountered and how were they in turn perceived?

This image shows natives testing their belief in Spanish immortality by holding them under water. The image was engraved by de Bry as part of his Historia Americae sive Novi Orbis based on the travel narratives of Girolamo Benzoni’s Historia del mondo nuovo (1565).

 Theodor de Bry, Image from <i>Historia Americae sive Novi Orbis</i>