Regulating the “Inner” and “Outer” Domains: China and Japan, 1500–1800

Here, the place where various "factors" (merchants, agents, etc.) gathered to conduct business.

An early type of gun in which the gunpowder charge is ignited by a burning taper (the "match") attached to the trigger mechanism.

The organizational system of the Manchus for military and taxation purposes; there were eight banners under which all military houses were arranged, and each was further divided into blocks of families required to furnish units of 300 soldiers to the Manchu government.

Single-color; in East Asian painting, a very austere style popular in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, particularly among Zen-influenced artists.