Interaction and Adaptation in Western Eurasia: Persia, Greece, and Rome, 550 BCE–600 CE

Temples where humans could consult priests or priestesses to determine the will of the gods.

Realm of reality above and beyond the limits of sensory experience.

Greek foot soldiers fighting in closed ranks, called "phalanxes."

Heavily armed and protected cavalry soldiers.

Period of Greek history from 323 BCE to 31 BCE.

"King of kings," the title of Persian rulers.

State without a royal dynasty and with an elected executive.

Representation in painting or sculpture that is highly restrained or severe in emotional import.

Roman foot soldiers fighting in semiclosed ranks.

Jewish meeting places for prayer and legal consultation.

Basic Christian doctrine defining faith as belief in God, the Father; Jesus Christ, his son of the same substance; and the Holy Ghost.