- Understand how Hinduism arose in India.
- Define Brahmin, samsara, atman, karma, and Brahman.
- Identify the structure of the Vedas and its main components.
- Summarize the main themes of the Upanishads and explain the process of samara and karma and how they relate to atman, Brahman, and moksha.
- Explain what the Bhagavad-Gita is and how it differs in content from the Upanishads.
- Explain the principal differences between the Hindu philosophies known as Vedanta and Samkhya.
- Discuss some of the ways that modernity has affected Hinduism.
- Discuss the main ways that the Buddha’s views differed from the orthodox beliefs of the times.
- Explain the Buddha’s Four Noble Truths.
- Define anatta, dukkha, ahimsa, and anicca.
- Explain the concept of nirvana and how Buddhism says it can be attained.
- Explain how the concept of the Dao parallels certain ideas in Western philosophy.
- Discuss the concept of wu-wei and how some Daoists try to integrate it into their lives.
- Know why Confucianism is called a humanistic doctrine and explain what Confucius hoped his teachings would do.
- Define li and ren and explain how these concepts fit into Confucianism.
- Define filial piety and what it means in practice to Confucians.
- Understand the Confucian attitude toward family and community, personal freedom, and individual rights.