16.1 Mary Wollstonecraft
- Summarize the basic facts of Wollstonecraft’s life.
- Understand some of the ways that middle-class Englishwomen in Wollstonecraft’s day were made to “exist for the sake of men.”
- State the three factors that Wollstonecraft says are the source of true happiness for both men and women.
- Understand why Wollstonecraft rejects men’s attempts to keep women innocent.
16.2 Simone de Beauvoir
- Explain the distinction that Beauvoir makes between sex and gender.
- Explain what Beauvoir means by her assertion that women have been defined by men as the “Other.”
- Summarize Beauvoir’s central argument in The Second Sex.
- Understand what Beauvoir thinks “real freedom and true equality” would entail.
- Describe the two positions staked out in the debate about innate gender differences.
16.3 Feminist Ethics
- Define feminist ethics and the ethics of care.
- Enumerate some of the values and experiences that some feminists say are associated with the typically male perspective.
- Describe the nature of the ethics of care, its most attractive features, and some of the criticisms that have been lodged against it.
16.4 Feminist Perspectives on Knowledge
- State the central aim of feminist philosophy and feminist epistemology.
- List some ways that, according to feminists, “dominant knowledge practices” disadvantage women.
- Summarize the principal claims of feminist empiricism, feminist standpoint theory, and feminist postmodernism.
- Understand some of the criticism that feminists have lodged against feminist postmodernism.