Chapter 4 Study Questions & Exercises


Study Questions

  1. Define socialization and distinguish between primary and secondary socialization. Provide one example for each.
  1. Differentiate between biological determinism and behaviourism. Name one theorist associated with each.
  1. How did Freud integrate biological and social elements in his theory of socialization?
  1. Briefly describe the five most significant agents of socialization discussed in your textbook and make reference to their roles in the socialization process. Use one example for each from your own life in your response.
  1. How does the concept of agency work in the socialization process?
  1. What is the difference between resocialization and primary/secondary socialization? Define and provide examples of voluntary and involuntary resocialization.
  1. Provide an example when voluntary and involuntary resocialization occur together. Explain how these two opposing processes could work.
  1. Compare and contrast the viewpoints of L. Rowell Huesmann with those of Jib Fowles as they relate to media socialization and violence on television.

Exploration and Discussion Exercises

  1. Socialization is often depicted in film. Answer the questions below after watching one of the following films: Pleasantville, Blast from the Past, Monster.

    a) How do the characters in the film depict what you’ve learned from this chapter?
    b) What are the most significant agents of socialization in the film?
    c) Finally, examine the process of resocialization in the film, as well as its outcomes and consequences.

  1. In the Telling It Like It Is box on page 112, Australian artist Sonia Singh modified dolls to make them more realistic. Which roles do toys play in the context of gender socialization? To back up your answer, do your own research. If possible, go to a toy store and look throughout the store. Pick one or two contemporary toys and discuss whether they are marketed along gender lines.