Chapter 20

Web links

https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/imperial-expansion-russia - This Encyclopedia entry provides an explanation of the Russian territorial expansion. It includes the various motives and phases of the long-spanning expansion of the Russian territory.

https://www.britannica.com/topic/Qing-dynasty - This Encyclopedia Britannica article journeys through the history and accomplishments of the Qing Dynasty of China, touching on their influence on modern China.

https://www.history.com/topics/meiji-restoration - Article from The History Channel covering the Tokugawa Shogunate period in Japan.