Chapter 16

Web links - Modern World History provides an overarching summary of the Spanish and European expansions into the Americas. - This Encyclopedia Britannica entry describes the Mapuche people of modern-day Chile and Argentina. It explains their history in the region, resistance to Spanish conquerors, and contemporary struggles.

Video links – TED-Ed video sharing the story of the Magellan circumnavigation voyage. – Khan Academy explores the Colombian exchange of food, animals, diseases, and more.  The significance of the exchange and the uneven consequences of germs spreading are explained.