Historical background

This chapter reviews the historical origins of contemporary human rights. The following websites contain original texts and information on associated material.

www.bl.uk/treasures/magnacarta/index.html - British Library site containing a translation of the text of the Magna Carta and associated information.

www.nas.gov.uk - National Archives of Scotland website. By using its search engine, the text and translation of the Declaration of Arbroath can be located.

avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/rightsof.asp - Declaration on the Rights of Man (in English).

www.archives.gov - US National Archives and Records Administration

www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=9 - The Constitution of the United States of America

www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?doc=13 - The Bill of Rights of the United States of America

www.gpo.gov  - US Government Printing Office

www.assemblee-nationale.fr/english/index.asp - Website of the French National Assembly with the text of the Constitution (in English)

The following websites link to organizations still in existence today which have considerable impact on international human rights and predate the United Nations.

www.icrc.org - International Committee of the Red Cross (humanitarian law)

www.ilo.org - The International Labour Organisation