South America

The principle of political or commercial cooperation between the US and the countries of South America, as well as those in Central America and the Caribbean.

A movement that seeks the reaffirmation of indigenous people and their rights.

An amalgam of gangs, ex military and military backed irregulars within a country, that were often involved in appropriations of peasant lands in South America.

Volcanic regions fed by mantle from below the earth's surface. Nit caused by tectonic plate movement.

A movement that values a renewed appreciation of African culture.

A crop that is easy to bring to market and is also considered a primary good, such as wheat.

A city that is the largest in the country and is the center of economic and political life.

Occurs when countries, after very rapid growth from low to middle income status, falter due to poor infrastructure-poor roads and inadequate sanitation, education and health facilities- and low productivity.

Often follows an El Niño event, and is characterized by a decrease in sea temperature across the Eastern Central Pacific of up to 5 degrees C, which also has an impact on the weather of the region and across other regions of the world.

An economic theory, named after famed economist John Maynard Keynes, in which government investments into economic activity are seen as a viable, and sometimes necessary, contributor to economic growth.

An forested area in the tropics marked by substantial rainfall.

The systemic variation in sea temperature in the Pacific Ocean, off the coast of South America, typically in late December, that has an impact on the weather of the region and across other regions of the world.

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