Australasia and Oceania

In general refers to any society dominated by settlers from elsewhere. More specifically refers to societies such as the Australia, Canada, and US that were populated by settlers form Europe.

The systemic variation in sea temperature in the Pacific Ocean, off the coast of South America, typically in late December, that has an impact on the weather of the region and across other regions of the world.

A system of labor camps maintained in the Soviet Union in the early to mid 20th century.

An area where waters drains from and flows into a river or a number of tributaries.

Suggests a a recent and rapid expansion of Polynesian ancestors from Asia/Taiwan via coastal and island Melanesia, in the settling of the Pacific.

The theory that the settling of Polynesia started around 8000 BCE.

A seasonal wind in South East Asia that blows from land to sea in October to May (dry monsoon ) and from sea to land on May to September bringing rain (wet monsoon).

An arc tectonic activity, including volcanoes and earthquakes, caused by the movement of tectonic plates that surround the Pacific Ocean.

The money that temporary and permanent migrants send back to their home country.

The amount of greenhouse gases produced for any given person, entity or practice.

Currency from another country.

An area of volcanic activity. Not caused by plate tectonics but by plumes from the mantle.