__________ in the South kept unions weak and labor costs low.

In the case of Bakke v. University of California Board of Regents, the plaintiff argued that California's __________ program was a form of reverse discrimination because it led to the admission of less-qualified black applicants.

The 1973 Supreme Court decision __________ affirmed a woman's right to terminate a pregnancy and created a new interfaith coalition among Protestants and Catholics opposed to abortion.

Democrats who criticized détente—who were later known as __________—charged the Soviets with cheating on arms control and continuing to oppress political and religious dissidents.

The __________ recognized the right of all Europeans to seek peaceful change, and the Soviets agreed in a general way to respect human rights in their sphere.

So-called __________ insisted that prosperity and freedom required reduced government spending along with more stringent control of the money supply.

To reach a wider audience, some ministers in the 1970s formed "mega-churches" while others began "electronic ministries." Critics dubbed them __________.

Jerry Falwell cofounded the __________, a political lobbying group designed to mobilize evangelicals and "get them saved, baptized and registered" to vote.

The convoluted scheme of weapons deals with Iran and illegal support for Nicaraguan rebels under Ronald Reagan became known as the __________.

Congress passed the __________ in 1972 and sent it to the states for ratification, but critics charged that this new measure would lead to unisex bathrooms, compulsory military service for women, and same-sex marriage.

In Afghanistan, Russian troops became mired in a brutal war against __________, Islamic-inspired Afghan and foreign guerrillas.

Corporations and wealthy donors provided a substantial amount of money to __________, which could bundle donations from many sources and use the cash to assist sympathetic political candidates.