Passed by Congress in 1901 as an appendix to a new Cuban constitution, the __________ gave the United States broad authority to intervene in Cuba and required the new nation to sell or lease land for U.S. naval and coaling bases.

Known as the __________, Colonel Theodore Roosevelt and his First Volunteer Cavalry Regiment became national heroes for their daring exploits during the battle of San Juan Hill in the Spanish-American War over Cuba.

In 1904, Russia claimed Manchuria and Korea, and Japan's surprise attack on Russia's Pacific fleet at Port Arthur in China started the __________.

The Supreme Court ruled in 1884 that Indians born on reservations were not citizens but __________ who owed allegiance to the United States but had none of the privileges of citizenship.

President Theodore Roosevelt and Japanese officials reached a __________ in 1907, in which Japan promised to ban the emigration of adult male laborers to the United States in return for American efforts to limit anti-Japanese sentiment on the West Coast.

In a series of decisions known as the __________, the Supreme Court ruled that American rights and liberties did not extend to all lands under U.S. control.

In November 1898 in Boston, concerned Americans formed the __________. Its 25,000 members included a wide range of some of the nation's most prominent citizens.

In South Africa, the United States provided aid to Britain in the __________.

Great Britain and the United States preferred __________, asking for unhindered access to markets where they could compete successfully against economic rivals.

The scientific discipline of __________ ranked the world's peoples in a hierarchy, from teh uncivilized to the civilized, according to their stage of development.

Roughly 20 million people visited the __________ in 1904, commemorating the centennial of the Louisiana Purchase.

The __________, passed by Congress in 1890, ended Hawaii's favored status, prompting American sugar growers there to pursue annexation by the United States.