Passed in 1883, the __________ established the modern civil service and initiated an examination for a classified list of federal jobs.

The __________ was central to national political debate and concretely defined party differences in Gilded Age America.

The __________ of 1873 made gold the nation's monetary standard.

The __________ was broad, multidimensional, and international and was based on the belief Christian principles be applied to social problems.

The role of the __________ was to get out the vote for the machine, since everybody knew him and turned to him, especially in the poor ethnic neighborhoods of Gilded Age cities.

In immigrant communities, __________ relied on members who paid small monthly dues and in return offered a range of services, including credit, and sickness and death benefits.

Nativists formed the __________ in 1887 to advocate strict immigration laws.

In the 1896 presidential race, William McKinley conducted a __________ in which he spoke with various visiting delegations at his home.

To those who could afford them, __________ were quiet, tree-lined residential enclaves that offered an escape from urban squalor and an easy commute to work by streetcar.

The __________ provided the foundation for what would become the Populist Party by attracting an enthusiastic following of farm men and women in the South and West.

In __________, immigrants helped bring family and friends to the United States, and specific ethnic groups soon concentrated in particular jobs and industries.

Under the leadership of Frances Willard, the __________ became one of the largest women's organizations in the world and began to advocate for suffrage by 1879.