John Brown's raid on __________ ended in failure but inflamed sectional tensions across the country, capping a tumultuous decade.

Cantonese referred to California as __________, or 'Gold Mountain', during the 1850s.

The __________ ruled that Congress could not legislate on slavery in the territories and threatened to nationalize slavery.

The __________ required state officials to aid in the return of fugitive slaves.

Mixed-race people in Louisiana were typically called __________.

It was not until the Civil War, when Southerners were no longer in Congress, that a bill supporting the __________ could pass.

In __________, the Supreme Court ruled that states could not pass laws inhibiting the return of fugitive slaves.

Stephen Douglas introduced the __________, hoping that it would alleviate sectional conflict.

The __________ briefly rose to power in the 1850s, but the party fell after taking a stance on the Kansas-Nebraska Act.

California was admitted as a free state as part of the __________.