Issued in 1823 and written by John Quincy Adams, the __________ unilaterally declared the Western Hemisphere closed to European colonization and stated that the United States would stay out of European affairs.

Timothy Dwight trained a new generation of ministers who would become leading preachers during the __________.

James Madison came to support the second __________ following the War 1812 after opposing the first because he thought it was unconstitutional.

Few African Americans supported the __________ and its attempts to relocate blacks to Liberia.

A __________ was a free small farmer who owned their own land.