Psychopharmacology 3e Chapter 17 Outline

Disorders of Anxiety and Impulsivity and the Drugs Used to Treat These Disorders


Neurobiology of Anxiety

What is anxiety?
The amygdala is important to emotion-processing circuits
Multiple neurotransmitters mediate anxiety
Box 17.1 The Cutting Edge Neural Mechanism Responsible for High Tonic Cell Firing Mediating Anxiety
Genes and environment interact to determine the tendency to express anxiety
The effects of early stress are dependent on timing
The effects of early stress vary with gender

Characteristics of Anxiety Disorders

Drugs for Treating Anxiety, OCD, and PTSD

Barbiturates are the oldest sedative–hypnotics
Benzodiazepines are highly effective for anxiety reduction
Second-generation anxiolytics produce distinctive clinical effects
Antidepressants relieve anxiety and depression
Many novel approaches to treating anxiety are being developed