"Extreme and Restricted Utilitarianism" Discussion Questions

J. J. C. Smart
  1. What is the difference between extreme utilitarianism and restricted utilitarianism, according to Smart? Which does Smart prefer?
  2. What role do “rules of thumb” play in each version of utilitarianism?
  3. How does Smart argue that restricted utilitarianism amounts to rule worship?
  4. Consider one of the defenses of restricted utilitarianism Smart considers. How does he respond to this defense? Why does/doesn’t this response convince you?
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