Bessell, A., Hooper, L., Shaw, W. C., Reilly, S., Reid, J., and Glenny, A. M. (2011). Feeding interventions for growth and development in infants with cleft lip, cleft palate or cleft lip and palate. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Issue 2, Art. No.: CD003315. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003315.pub3


Guo, J., Li, C., Zhang, Q., Wu, G., Deacon, S. A., Chen, J., et al. (2011). Secondary bone grafting for alveolar cleft in children with cleft lip or cleft lip and palate. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Issue 6, Art. No.: CD008050. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008050.pub2


Bergland, O., Semb, G., and Abyholm, F. E. (1986). Elimination of the residual alveolar cleft by secondary bone grafting and subsequent orthodontic treatment. Cleft Lip and Palate Journal, 23, 175–205. [PubMed: 3524905]

This paper is now a classic. It describes the pioneering work by the Oslo cleft team on alveolar bone grafting.


Calzolari, E., Bianchi, F., Rubini, M., Ritvanen, A., and Neville, A. J. (2004). EUROCAT working group. Epidemiology of cleft palate in Europe: implications for genetic research. Cleft PalateCraniofacial Journal, 41, 244–9. [DOI: 10.1597/02-074.1] [PubMed: 15151454]

The source of the figures for the study of nearly 4000 patients with isolated cleft palate referred to in Box 24.2.


Clinical Standards Advisory Group (1998). Cleft Lip and/or Palate. London: Stationery Office.

The results of a national audit of cleft care in the UK that led to a transformation in the way cleft care is delivered.


Eppley, B. L. and Sadove, A. M. (2000). Management of alveolar cleft bone grafting – state of the art. Cleft PalateCraniofacial Journal, 37, 229–33. [DOI: 10.1597/1545-1569(2000)037] [PubMed: 10830800]

An interesting read for those clinicians involved in alveolar bone grafting.


Mossey, P., Little, J., Munger, R. G., Dixon, M. J., and Shaw, W. C. (2009). Cleft lip and palate. The Lancet, 374, 1773–85. [DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(09)60695-4] [PubMed: 19747722]

An excellent review article which focuses on the aetiology of clefts.


Ranta, R. (1986). A review of tooth formation in children in cleft lip/palate. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 90, 11–18. [DOI: 10.1016/0889-5406(86)90022-3] [PubMed: 3524249]

Details of the dental anomalies found in patients with a cleft.


Uzel A. and Alparslan, N. (2010). Long-term effects of presurgical infant orthopedics in patients with cleft lip and palate: a systematic review. Cleft Palate – Craniofacial Journal, 48, 587–95. [DOI: 10.1597/10-008] [PubMed: 20858135]

This review found no long-term benefits from the use of pre-surgical orthopaedic plates prior to primary surgery.


Wyatt, R., Sell, D., Russell, J, Harding, A., Harland, K., and Albery, E. (1996). Cleft palate speech dissected: a review of current knowledge and analysis. British Journal of Plastic Surgery, 49, 143–9.[DOI: 10.1016/S0007-1226(96)90216-7] [PubMed: 8785593]

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