Arnett, G. W. and McLaughlin R. P. (2004). Facial and Dental Planning for Orthodontists and Oral Surgeons. Edinburgh: Mosby.

This practical textbook provides information on how to position the jaws and dentition to optimize the facial aesthetics.


Cevidanes, L. H. S., Boen, B., Paniagua, P., Styner, M., and Nguyen, T. (2017). Orthodontic and orthognathic surgery planning using CBCT. In: Naini, F. B. and Gill, D. S. (eds) Orthognathic Surgery: Principles, Planning and Practice, pp. 221–34. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

This chapter provides an overview of the use of CBCT for orthognathic surgery planning and virtual simulation.


Cunningham, S. J. and Feinmann, C. (1998). Psychological assessment of patients requiring orthognathic surgery and the relevance of body dysmorphic disorder. British Journal of Orthodontics, 25, 293–8. [DOI: 10.1093/ortho/25.4.293] [PubMed: 9884781]

An article alerting the clinician to the condition body dysmorphic disorder.


Hunt, N. P. and Rudge, S. J. (1984). Facial profile and orthognathic surgery. British Journal of Orthodontics, 11, 126–36. [DOI: 10.1179/bjo.11.3.126] [PubMed: 6591951]

A detailed account of assessment of a patient for orthognathic surgery.


Naini, F. B. (2011). Facial Aesthetics: Concepts and Clinical Diagnosis. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

This textbook provides a beautifully illustrated overview of facial aesthetics.


Proffit, W. R., Turvey, T. A., and Phillips, C. (2007). The hierarchy of stability and predictability in orthognathic surgery with rigid fixation: an update and extension. Head & Face Medicine, 3, 21. [DOI: 10.1186/1746-160X-3-21] [PubMed: 17470277]

The stability of various types of orthognath\ic procedures is described.


Proffit, W. R., White, R. P., and Sarver, D. M. (2003). Contemporary Treatment of Dentofacial Deformity. St. Louis, MO: Mosby.

This textbook is highly recommended for readers wanting more information on this subject. It is a comprehensive and well-written account of the treatment of dentofacial deformity.


Ryan, F., Shute, J., Cedro, M., Singh, J., Lee, E., Lee, S., et al. (2011). A new style of orthognathic clinic. Journal of Orthodontics, 38, 124–33. [DOI: 10.1179/14653121141353] [PubMed: 21677104]

An innovative approach to the orthognathic clinic, aiming to provide key information to patients deciding on whether or not to proceed with treatment.

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