__________ was a 42-year-old African American tailor's assistant and NAACP official whose refusal to move to the back of a Montgomery, Alabama, public bus in 1955 helped spark the civil rights movement in the United States.

__________ was the Commander of Allied Forces in Europe in World War II and president of the United States from 1952 to 1960. His middle-of-the-road domestic program, ""Modern Republicanism,"" appealed to a prosperous electorate wary of government innovation. But his anticommunist foreign policy did little to diminish popular anxieties about the Cold War in the short run and laid the groundwork for trouble in the Middle East and Southeast Asia in the long run.

__________ was a marketing strategy pursued by General Motors that promoted the feeling that last year's car model was somehow inadequate in order to persuade Americans to trade in their older, but still working, automobiles for newer, flashier models.

__________ was a professor of psychology at Indiana University whose pioneering studies in 1948 and 1953 reported that Americans were more sexually active outside of marriage than had been thought. His work became public at the same time that American culture became more open about sexuality.

Eisenhower warned against allowing a _______________ to gain too much power, and that it would erode democratic processes.