__________ was a Populist politician and Democratic candidate for president in 1896, 1900, and 1908. His Cross of Gold speech played to the sympathies of commoners, including farmers from the Midwest and South.

__________ was an African American from Virginia. He became the most recognized African American in the United States after the Cotton States Exposition in 1895. His Atlanta Compromise speech stressed the mutual obligations of African Americans and whites.

Elias Howe, who applied for the first U.S. patent in 1845, invented a device with an oscillating eye-pointed needle that made a locking stitch fed continuously from spools mounted on an overhanging arm. _______ invented a way to market it.

__________ was an economic practice where a country's paper currency could be converted into predetermined quantities of gold. While it contributed to low prices, it also created high interest rates, which Populists and especially farmers felt harmed their interests.

__________ was a business practice designed to make the workplace and worker more efficient. It reduced each occupation to a series of simple, precise movements that could be easily taught and endlessly repeated. It created a new layer of college-educated ""middle managers,"" who supervised production in offices and factories.

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