The mysterious disappearance and presumed murder of __________ in 1826 galvanized popular opposition to Masonic societies.

With the Monroe Doctrine, the United States asserted a new relation, as __________, to the European nations.

The obstacles to land purchase for ordinary citizens kept alive the practice of __________, claiming land simply by occupying it and demanding that a person's labor on it over time be recognized as a legal claim.

The Republicanism of Daniel Webster and John Quincy Adams was compatible with the old ________ views.

In 1831 Antimasons held the first open presidential nominating convention, choosing __________ of Maryland as their candidate.