Force and Coercion
  1. Discuss the three types of conflicts that may result when the police use of force may not agree with community standards, legal factors, or departmental policy.
  1. Holmes and Smith focus on extra-legal police aggression when dealing with force. What is extra-legal police aggression? Discuss the reasons why Holmes and Smith say that extra-legal police aggression may be preferable to force.
  1. Describe excessive force and police brutality and provide an example of each.
  1. What is psychological coercion? What are three examples of psychological coercion that are used today?
  1. Discuss some of the findings of the Police-Public Contact Survey and highlight any unusual or interesting findings.