Chapter 4 Ion Channels and Transporters

Overview

Ion Channels Underlying Action Potentials

BOX 4A The Patch Clamp Method

How Ion Channels Work

BOX 4B Toxins That Poison Ion Channels

The Diversity of Ion Channels

Voltage-Gated Ion Channels

CLINICAL APPLICATIONS Neurological Diseases Caused by Altered Ion Channels

Ligand-Gated Ion Channels

Thermosensitive and Mechanosensitive Channels

Active Transporters Create and Maintain Ion Gradients

ATPase Pumps

Ion Exchangers