1. Have students examine the tactics used by different groups to obtain civil rights, and determine whether there might have been a way to obtain civil rights sooner.

Learning Objective: Explain both the meaning of the major terms and concepts regarding civil rights and their application the past and present issues.

2. In small groups, have students discuss the ways in which violations of civil rights are connected to the tradition of exclusion/inegalitarianism.

Learning Objective: Explain both the meaning of the major terms and concepts regarding civil rights and their application the past and present issues.

3. Examine video clips of footage of various civil rights movements. Examine the degree to which the protesters’ purposes are apparent in the footage and whether the coverage of each group works to help or harm their causes.

Learning Objective: Recognize the broad range of racial and ethnic groups that have experienced discrimination and segregation and assess the gains and setbacks they have experienced.

4. Examine the 2014 Federal Appellate Court rulings concerning various state gay marriage bans and the Supreme Court ruling in Obergefell v. Hodges (and analyze in the context of the end of anti-miscegenation laws and the legal rationale used in the decisions).

Learning Objective: Recognize the broad range of racial and ethnic groups that have experienced discrimination and segregation and assess the gains and setbacks they have experienced.