The Executive

Further Readings

Tremblay, M. & Sarah, A. (2010). "Women Cabinet Ministers in Canada, 1921-2007: A Law of Increasing Disproportion no Longer Valid?" Recherches feministes 23, no. 1: pp. 143-63. A very relevant article for this chapter, especially since the newest cabinet under Prime Minister Justin Trudeau consist of more women cabinet ministers than any other previous cabinets. Achieving gender parity in cabinet is indeed a rare event, and this article looks into the disproportional distribution of women Cabinet Ministers since 1921.

Lalancette, M. & Raynauld, V. (2019). “The Power of Political Image: Justin Trudeau, Instagram and Celebritiy Politics” American Behavioral Scientist, Vol 63, Issue 7: pp. 888-924. This article takes a different approach to examining the role of the prime minister by exploring the leadership and political image that Justin Trudeau has managed to capture through social media. It also discusses how the public and voters perceive his celebrity personality and subsequently his ability to lead the country.

Bakvis, H. (2001). "Prime Minister and Cabinet in Canada: An Autocracy in Need of Reform?" Journal of Canadian Studies 35, no. 4: pp.60-79. This article examines the role of the Canadian prime minister, specifically on the limits and concentration of his power. It confronts the powers of the prime minister as being autocratic. However, it does define the role within the prime minister’s constitutional limitations, with a glance into five possible reforms that may contribute towards a more democratic role.

Bernier, L., Brownsey, K. & Howlett, M. (2005). Executive styles in Canada: Cabinet structures and leadership practices in Canadian government. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press. This book looks at how the current system of government—Westministerial Parliamentary system—and a federal system of government affect the executive branch of the Canadian government. It includes chapters that focus on the style of the executive government and decision-making procedures from various provinces, as well as the rise of court government in Canada.

Irma Council. (2005). Canada’s Prime Ministers, Governors General and Fathers of Confederation. Markham, ON: Pembroke Publishers. This book is dedicated to various prime ministers and governor generals of Canada, including Charles Tupper, John Diefenbaker, and Jean Chrétien, among others.

White, G. (2006). Cabinet and First Ministers. Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia Press. This book explains the significant impact of first ministers, the cabinet, and bureaucrats on Canadian democracy. It also gives an account on the role and structure of first ministers at each level of government.

Thomas, P. & Lewis, J.P. (2019). “Executive creep in Canadian provincial legislatures.” Canadian Journal of Political Science, 52(2): pp. 363-383.Since most articles discuss the role of the political executive and backbencher legislators at the national level, this article focusses on the role of backbenchers in executive positions at the subnational levels of government.

Recommended Websites The official website for the Treasury Board Secretariat includes new information on bills, laws, and legislations. The official website of the Prime Minister’s Office includes information on his cabinet and staff. This link leads to the official website of another central agency, the Privy Council Office. The Department of Finance is the last and final central agency, responsible for overseeing finance and expense related policies. This website contains a list of past and present cabinet committees, including specific information on committee chairs and members. The official website of the governor general of Canada provides information on current Governor General David Johnston. This link leads to the official website of the twenty-ninth Lieutenant Governor of Ontario Elizabeth Dowdeswell (the provincial representative of the Monarch). The official website of Doug Ford, the premier of Ontario, also includes information on his staff and team.

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