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1. Why is there a strong division among the different regions in Canada? How are these divisions sustained?
*Answer: Discuss regional political culture and the different characteristics of Canadian provinces and territories. For example, the cultural makeup of British Columbia is more diverse than Manitoba. Western alienation is also a good example to include with this question, and how the West feels strongly detached fromthe rest of Canada. Explain how socialization, institutions, and politics sustains divisions.
2. Comparethe different variants of Canadian regionalism. Which type of regionalism do you feel is the most prominent in Canada today? Does this threaten national unity? Why or why not?
*Answer: Contrast sectionalism and nationalism before discussing which is the most prominent today. Examples could include: Quebec separatism and Western alienation. Explain how political institutions are enabling or discouraging regionalism from threatening national unity.
3. How is nationalism perceived in Canada?
*Answer: Discuss how nationalism is a type of regionalism; discuss Canada as a multi-national and multi-state type of governance whose concept of nationalism differs with other types of states; discuss the differences between civic, economic, and ethnic nationalism in Canada; and provide examples of different nationalism viewpoints from the different provinces/regions.
4. What are Canada’s distinct political cultures? Does Canada have one unifying political culture?
*Answer: Discuss the different regional differences and political cleavages across Canada; compare and contrast some of the different political cultures in the different regions (Atlantic Canada, Quebec, Western Canada, etc.); and discuss some of the historical issues that make it difficult to have a unified political culture across Canada.