Further Readings

Cameron, B. (2008). “Harper, Québec, and Canadian Federalism”, The Harper Record. Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives.http://www.policyalternatives.ca/sites/default/files/uploads/publications/National_Office_Pubs/2008/HarperRecord/Harper_Quebec_and_Canadian_Federalism.pdf. Cameron’s article looks into federal–provincial relations, focusing on Québec under Stephen Harper.

Gauthier, J. (2012).“ The Canada Social Transfer: Past, Present and Future Considerations,” Library of Parliament 2012–48-E. http://www.parl.gc.ca/Content/LOP/ResearchPublications/2012-48-e.pdf.A background paper by the Library of Parliament on the history and the future of the Canada Social Transfer program.

Béland, D., Lecours, A., Marchildon, G.,Mou, H., &Olfert, R.(2017). Fiscal Federalism and Equalization Policy in Canada: Political and Economic Dimensions. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press. This book provides a very thorough explanation on fiscal federalism, specifically equalization policy, and how the policy has affected both the provincial and federal governments. One of the very unique aspects of this book is that it provides a detailed historical account of equalization policy and how the policy has evolved over the last couple of decades.

Brown, D.,Bakvis, H., &Baier, G. (2019).Contested Federalism: Certainty and Ambiguity in the Canadian Federation. Toronto, ON: Oxford University Press. This updated book on Canadian federalism provides specific details on the evolution of federalism, by examining indigenous relations, intergovernmental issues, Quebec, and the different interpretations of federalism leading up to the 21st century.

Goodyear-Grant, E. et al. (2018). Federalism and the Welfare State in a Multicultural World.Kingston, ON: McGill-Queen’s University Press. This book discusses federalism from a comparative perspective, specifically focussing on how federalism affects diversity, immigration and the welfare state in Canada, USA and other countries.

Rocher, F.& Smith, M., eds. (2003).New Trends in Canadian Federalism. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press. This text provides a very comprehensive look at Canadian federal politics, federalism, constitutional politics, regionalism, and many other comparative issues dealing with federalism in Canada.

Martin, G. (2004).“ The Lawmakers: Judicial Power and the Shaping of Canadian Federalism,” British Journal of Canadian Studies 17, no. 1 pp. 142,143,164. A historical account on the role of the judiciary, including the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council and the Supreme Court of Canada, in shaping the Constitution and Canadian federalism.

Harmes, A. (2007). “The Political Economy of Open Federalism,” Canadian Journal of Political Science 40, no. 2: pp. 417–37. Harmes provides a slightly different perspective on the concept of open federalism, specifically from a neo-liberal political economist’s perspective. Specific references are made to how open federalism affects the business communities, trade unions, and social activists.

Smiley, D. (1987).The Federal Condition. Toronto, ON: McGraw-Hill Ryerson.This classic book covers the history, conditions, and challenges of Canadian federalism.

Recommended Websites

http://www.budget.gc.ca/2019/home-accueil-en.html. The entire plan for the 2019 budget is documented on the official Government of Canada website.

http://budget.ontario.ca/2019/contents.html. The Ontario Ministry of Finance provides a detailed overview of the 2019 Ontario budget.

http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/const/page-4.html. A government website that identifies the different legislative powers of the federal and provincial governments, including sections 91 and 92.

http://www.fin.gc.ca/fedprov/his-eng.asp. The Department of Finance’s website outlines the evolution and history of the Social and Health transfer program.

http://www.fin.gc.ca/access/fedprov-eng.asp. The Department of Finance provides data on major federal transfer programs including equalization payments, Health and Social Transfers, and papers on fiscal balances.

http://www.fin.gc.ca/fedprov/eqp-eng.asp. The Department of Finance explains the equalization program with details on the equalization formula.

http://canadaspremiers.ca/en/. A website dedicated to interprovincial-territorial ties, leadership, and initiatives between provinces as well as information on premiers.

http://www.pco-bcp.gc.ca/aia/index.asp?lang=eng. The official website on Canadian intergovernmental affairs includes individual information on provinces and territories as well as information on the minister of Intergovernmental Affairs, Justin P. J. Trudeau.

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