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1. How balanced is the distribution of powers in Canadian federalism? Is the distribution of power an effective way of governing the country?

*Answer: Identify the present balance between centralization and decentralization of power; discuss the division of powers between the federal and provincial governments (Section 91 and 92); and describe the evolution of federal dominance over time.

2. To what extent does fiscal federalism contribute to national unity in Canada?

*Answer: Discuss the significance of fiscal federalism (for ex., fiscal gaps, and the difference between horizontal and vertical fiscal federalism); and give examples of federal to provincial transfer of funds such as equalization payments, vertical transfers (CHT, CST), conditional and block grants and information on shared-cost programs, infrastructure funds, and service agreements.

3. Compare and contrast the different models of Canadian federalism. Which do you think works best most of the time in Canada, and why?

*Answer: Discuss the different models of federalism (asymmetrical, classical, emergency, etc.). Defend choice of best model.Example: Collaborative federalism works best since it protects provinces from being dependent on the federal government and encourages premiers to work together on policy issues.

4. How does treaty federalism compare with other models of federalism in Canada?

*Answer: Discuss the notion of three orders of government in Canada including the equal order relationship between First Nations and Canada; discuss the two-row Wampum model and the Royal Proclamation of 1763; identify that other models of federalism presume only two orders of government exist (federal and provincial)

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