Canada in the World

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1. How has terrorism affected Canada’s approach to domestic public safety and global security?

*Answer: Discuss Canada’s position as middle power and how it applies to terrorism policies. Use the Anti-Terrorism Act of 2001, the October Crisis, the War Measures Act, the Emergencies Act, the role of CSIS and CSES as examples of terrorism combatting measures.

2. How involved is Canada in international affairs, trade and development?

*Answer: In terms of trade agreements, discuss the significance of Canada’s involvement in multilateral and bilateral free trade agreements such as NAFTA; discuss foreign direct investment and Canada’s role in multilateral organizations such as APEC, La Francophonie, G8 and G7, and the United Nations; and discuss Canada’s role in development aid programs, peace-keeping and arctic sovereignty.

3. Why is Canada described as a middle power?

*Answer: Discuss how Canada’s status as a middle power allows it to periodically exert significant influence on issues like global trade and human rights, discuss and define middle power as being an intermediary rather than a leader in international affairs, and provide examples such as peace-building and diplomacy strategies.

4. Describe how Canada’s involvement in the Commonwealth and the Francophonie affects its approach to foreign affairs and domestic politics.

*Answer: Discuss how different leaders (both liberal and conservatives) have upheld Commonwealth traditions, and describe the Commonwealth Organization and how Canada has contributed (e.g. wars and the Olympics).

5. How do Canadian international and interprovincial trade laws and protections differ? What has been done to lower internal trade barriers?

*Answer: Discuss how internal trade faces more constraints in comparison to international trade. Outline the various protections and barriers including: different business registration requirements, standards for worker qualifications, and provincial alcohol laws. Describe what has been done to reduce these, including court rulings, the New West Partnership, and the Canadian Free Trade Agreement.

6. Does Canada contribute enough to improving the global community, or does it “punch above its weight?”

*Answer: Discuss whether Canada’s contributions to the free trade movement, global security, international development, human rights movement, and climate change are proportionate to its size (economic and demographic).

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