Special duty problems: psychiatric harm


There is a lot of material on the web about the Hillsborough Stadium disaster – especially since the Independent Panel found, in September 2012, that just under half of the 96 fatalities might have been avoided had the fans received prompt treatment. It also concluded that the police and emergency services had made "strenuous attempts" to deflect the blame for the disaster on to the fans. Here is just a taster of some of the coverage from the BBC News archives:

Warning: these links contain material which some may find distressing.

On This Day: 15 April 1989: Football fans crushed at Hillsborough

Hillsborough 10 Years On

Hillsborough inquests: The 96 who died

Hillsborough's Sad Legacy
Includes audio clips from Trevor Hicks and others

Footage of the Hillsborough Anniversary – including another interview with Trevor Hicks

There are moving ‘pen portraits’ of some of the Hillsborough victims on the BBC website here: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-27311857

BBC Audio Clip on discussing the House of Lords' decision in White

Timetable to Tragedy - includes news clip from the day after the tragedy

Hillsborough disaster and its aftermath, 19 December 2012

Inquest and criminal prosecutions

In December 2012, the High Court quashed the verdicts of the original inquests and ordered fresh inquests.

Hillsborough inquest verdicts quashed by High Court, 19 December 2012

BBC News, ‘Hillsborough inquests: What you need to know’, 26 April 2016

David Conn, ‘Hillsborough inquests jury rules 96 victims were unlawfully killed’, The Guardian,26 April 2016

David Conn, ‘Hillsborough disaster: deadly mistakes and lies that lasted decades’, The Guardian

Following the Independent Police Complaints Commission’s (IPCC) investigation into the aftermath of the Hillsborough disaster, three former senior South Yorkshire Police (SYP) officers and a solicitor who represented the force have been charged with criminal offences


Some charges were dropped, and the jury in the trial of Hillsborough match commander David Duckenfield were unable to reach a verdict.


Hillsborough papers: Cameron apology over 'double injustice', 12 September 2012

Other information about the Hillsborough Stadium Disaster

Following the Independent Panel’s report the Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC) launched an investigation into the extent of the police cover-up. Initial investigations have found that 164 police statements had been altered. In January 2017, files of evidence relating to 23 cases were referred to the CPS to decide whether criminal charges should follow. See further: http://www.ipcc.gov.uk/en/Pages/hillsborough.aspx

In December 2012, the High Court quashed the verdicts of the original inquests and ordered fresh inquests. You can follow the progress of these here:  http://hillsboroughinquests.independent.gov.uk/ and via Twitter @Hboroinquests

BBC Panorama documentary: Hillsborough – how they buried the truth

A Panorama investigation revealing how police, politicians, lawyers and judges all played a part in burying the truth about Britain's worst football disaster. You can watch the programme on BBC iplayer here (until May 2014): http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b01svp5s. And on YouTube here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T2L_8sj6Wyc&noredirect=1\

Recovering Truth, Informing Justice- Researching the Hillsborough Disaster, 17 April 2013

Lecture by Phil Scraton, a Professor at Queens University Belfast, who has written widely on the Hillsborough Stadium Disaster

Guardian archive on the Disaster

Hillsborough family support group

Hillsborough Justice Campaign

Hillsborough – TV Drama (1996). Jimmy McGovern's dramatisation of the Hillsborough football stadium disaster both investigates the police actions which caused it and explores its effects on the victims' families, skilfully using the dramatised documentary form to weave together public issues and private emotion. Please note: your institution will need to have access to BFI Screenonline to be able to view the clips available below

PIPER ALPHA OIL DISASTER (McFarlane v EE Caledonia Ltd [1994]).

From the BBC News archives:

On This Day 6 July 1988 Piper Alpha oil rig ablaze - includes video of the disaster

Piper Alpha: 25th anniversary of disaster remembered at ceremony

Other information about the Piper Alpha Disaster from the web:

Twenty years on, Piper Alpha survivor tells of fleeing fireball, Charlene Sweeney, Times 4 July 2008

Terry Macalister, Piper Alpha disaster: how 167 oil rig workers died, The Guardian, 4 July 2013

THE KINGS CROSS UNDERGROUND DISASTER (Hale v London Underground [1992])

From the BBC News archives:

On This Day 1987: Disaster underground


Alcock v Chief Constable of South Yorkshire Police [1992]

Page v Smith [1996]

White v Chief Constable of South Yorkshire Police [1998]

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