Connolly, William E. (1994) Tocqueville, Territory and Violence. Theory, Culture & Society 11(1): 19-40. An article arguing that democratic pluralism allows for new identities to take shape which bring modifications and adjustments to the existing constellation of identities within a political community.

Stephen Krasner, “Sovereignty,” Foreign Policy, Volume 112 (Jan-Feb 2001), 20-29. Article arguing that the nation state, while shifting in nature, remains relevant as a central political actor despite warnings of its decline in the context of globalization.

Zygmunt Bauman (2011) Migration and identities in the globalised world. Philosophy and Social Criticism 37(4): 425-435. An article arguing that the trajectory of the nation-state is now in the multicultural stage marked by permeable boundaries and the proliferation of diasporas, which has resulted in the loosening of ties between identity and state citizenship.

Wendy Brown (1995) States of Injury: Power and Freedom in Late Modernity (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press). A book arguing that forms of protection legislated by the state serve to inscribe state power more deeply at the expense of a more egalitarian distribution of power.

John Dewey (2012) The Public and Its Problems: An Essay in Political Inquiry. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press. A work of democratic theory that attempts to outline the meanings and constitution of the state and ‘the public’, arguing for democracy as the best approach for securing the public interest.

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