Explain why the supernatural perspective dominated social control for centuries.
Summarize why contemporary criminologists do not consider the concept of evil as an explanation of crime.
Analyze the classical school of criminology’s focus on the offense as opposed to the offender by emphasizing the concept of free will.
Discuss the Enlightenment’s contribution of the social contract to criminology.
Compare and contrast the ideas of Cesare Beccaria and Jeremy Bentham as the primary architects of the classical school of criminology.
Analyze the positivist school of criminology’s assertion that individuals are influenced by external forces.
Show how neoclassical criminology recalls the principles of classical criminology.