Unlike criminal trials, the juvenile adjudicatory hearing is not an _____ process.

In 1899, the first juvenile court was established in _____.

Cases are inserted into the juvenile justice system via _____.

A _____ is an order by a judge upon conviction or before a trial that sends a person to jail or prison.

The prosecutor in a juvenile hearing is called a _____.

The defense attorney in a juvenile hearing is called a _____.

As set forth in _____, detention of a juvenile is constitutional if it protects the juvenile and society from offenses he or she may commit pretrial.

Using ____, a prosecutor may file charges in either juvenile or adult court.

The Supreme Court ruled in _____ that a juvenile’s due-process rights are denied when his or her case is waived to adult criminal court without a formal hearing.