The Constitution does not state that the government cannot search but only that it cannot conduct _____ searches.

The _____ states, “The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated.”

An incident in which police officers physically restrain a person and restrict his or her freedom is a(n) _____.

Controlling force through discipline, professionalization, and an effective model of organization is why the _____ model of policing is attractive to law enforcement administrators.

A law enforcement officer must obtain the approval of a judge to get a _____.

The _____ is a Supreme Court measure that considers constitutionality on whether a reasonable person would feel free to terminate an encounter with law enforcement personnel.

_____ is the power of a criminal justice official to make decisions on issues within legal guidelines.

The _____ doctrine defines what constitutes a search.

The _____ doctrine holds that the detection of evidence by police officers who are merely observing a situation does not constitute a search.

A _____ is a temporary detention that legally is a seizure of an individual and must be based on reasonable suspicion.