Usually selected because of their knowledge or status within the group or community.

May serve as a preliminary research question in qualitative research.

A field researcher’s primary means of recording observations while in the observational setting.

A detailed record of field observations.

May present serious ethical problems when the setting is private.

A method of in-depth interviewing in which the researcher assumes the role of moderator.

Vasquez used this type of question to get richer and more detailed information than conveyed in a short answer.

Type of field research which emphasizes the researcher’s role as a scientific observer.

Broad opening question in in-depth interviews.

To gain access to a group or setting, a field researcher may have to obtain their permission.

Type of research in which the researcher actively takes part in the group or setting under study.

An example is Valdez’s account of how her Latina identity facilitated recruitment and rapport with her interviewees.