Measuring length of residence by asking “How many years have you lived at your present address?” constitutes ________ level of measurement.

The most common form of social measurement.

Variables measured at this level include gender, race, and religious affiliation.

Measuring a person’s social class as lower, working, middle, or upper is an example of ________ level of measurement.

Created by summing scores on a set of items without taking into account the interrelatedness of the items.

A form of reliability assessment applied to scales and indexes.

Pertains to the question: Does an operational definition produce consistent results?

Reliability is a necessary but not a sufficient condition for ________.

Evidence that alternative measures of a concept produce the same results.

Identifying the dimensions of a concept is one aspect of ________.

An observable characteristic of a concept.

A composite measure that takes into account the underlying structure of the constituent items.