Discovering Human Sexuality 4e Chapter 15 Outline

Venereal Diseases Were Seen as Punishment for Sexual License 

STIs Are Still a Major Problem in the United States

Lice and Mites Are More of an Annoyance Than a Danger

Pubic lice itch, and that’s all they do
Scabies may be transmitted sexually or nonsexually

Trichomoniasis Is Caused by a Protozoan

Bacterial STIs Can Usually Be Treated with Antibiotics

Syphilis Is Down but Not Out

Untreated syphilis progresses through three stages
Syphilis has resisted elimination
Box 15.1 The Tuskegee Syphilis Study

Gonorrhea Can Lead to Infertility

Chlamydia Causes a Common Infection with Serious Complications

The Status of Bacterial Vaginosis as an STI Is Uncertain

Urethritis Can Be Caused by a Variety of Organisms

Box 15.2 Zika—The virus that came and went

Viral STIs Can Be Dangerous and Hard to Treat

Molluscum Contagiosum Is a Self-Limiting Condition

Genital Herpes Is a Lifelong but Not Life-Threatening Infection

Recurrent outbreaks are the rule
Drug treatment can shorten or prevent outbreaks

Human Papillomaviruses Can Cause Genital Warts—and Cancer

An HPV vaccine is available

Hepatitis Viruses Can Be Sexually Transmitted

AIDS Is Caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Sexual transmission is chiefly by coitus and anal sex
HIV infection progresses in a characteristic way
Antiretroviral drugs suppress but don’t eliminate HIV

You Can Reduce Your STI Risks

Abstinence prevents STIs
Sexually active people can reduce their risk of STIs
Box 15.3 Partner notification
Some sexual behaviors are riskier than others for STI transmission
Condoms are the mainstay of STI prevention

Not Everything Is an STI