- Discuss the development of the movement to unite Indigenous Peoples in a broader confederacy and its main proponents.
Answer: Efforts toward Indigenous coalitions began with the early confederacies that developed to resist the effects of settler colonialism. Although Nescambiouit, a Pigwacket chief and Kiala, a Mesquakie war chief had promoted earlier Indigenous coalitions, the concept is often attributed to Obwaandi’eyaag (Pontiac) as one of the first advocates for coalitions and confederacies among Indigenous Peoples. The advantages of alliances were also touted later by Indigenous leaders. Among some of the most important proponents for an Indigenous coalition in the War of 1812 were Tecumseh and his brother Tenskwatawa. Tecumseh had considerable success in rallying the support of Boodwaamii, Ojibwe, Odaawaak, and many others to resist Americans in the War of 1812.
- Describe two of the battles in the War of 1812. Include in your discussion who was involved, who won, and its implications.
Choose from any of the following:
Fall of Michilimackinac.
Battle of Beaver Dams.
- What were the political repercussions of Tecumseh’s death in the War of 1812?
Answer: After Tecumseh’s death, the movement for a coalition of confederated Indigenous nations lost its momentum. More than thirty different bands and groups fought under his leadership, and after Tecumseh’s death, it became impossible to gather them together in the same way. Without his military experience and far-ranging kinship ties, no leader could similarly extend influence and be a catalyst for collaborative action. Although large numbers of warriors continued to fight together, the primary purpose had been lost, and eventually the common vision was gone. Despite concerted efforts by the British to re-ignite the movement begun by Tecumseh, they were not successful.