Far Northwest: Term used by Euro-Canadians to describe present-day Northwest Territories, Yukon, and northern British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan.

Legaic: Title for a Tsimshian chief meaning “chief of the mountain.” In the early nineteen century, Legaic ran a strict monopoly over trade with the Gitxsan on the Upper Skeena and the Nisga’a Wiiseaks on the Nass which was so strong that the HBC gave up on plans to establish a post on the Stikine River and instead decided to cooperate with existing Indigenous trade networks rather than to compete with them. They had the choice to trade either with the Americans via the sea otter trade, or with the HBC through the interior, which gave him a strong advantage similar to play-off diplomacy and made Legaic very powerful among his people.

Muquinna: (fl. 1786–1817) Muquinna was the ranking leader of the Mochat group of Nuu’chah’nulth on the western coast of Vancouver Island in the late eighteenth century when Nootka Sound became an important fur trade centre. When Britain and Spain quarreled over competing claims to trade and settlement, Muquinna quickly learned both languages and etiquette to better engage in diplomacy and refused to recognize either claim, which led to an eventual peaceful resolution between Britain and Spain and maintained Mochat control of the trade. Muquinna quarrelled in 1803 with the captain of a fur-trading ship over a defective gun, which led to the destruction of the Boston by a group of Nuu’chah’nulth. Muquinna was renowned for the magnificence of a potlatch he gave that same year.

North West Company: (NWC) Consortium of largely French-speaking fur-trading firms and individuals formed in the late eighteenth century to compete with Hudson’s Bay Company in the western fur trade. The HBC absorbed the NWC in 1821 after the United States made it illegal for British traders to operate on American soil.

Pueblo Revolt: (1680) The most successful Indigenous revolt of the colonial period in North America, which resulted in the Pueblo obtaining independence from Spanish authority for a decade during which they traded herds of Spanish animals they had kept or captured to other nations. The expansion of the horse into the Plains dates from this conflict.

sea otter trade: A global trade network that connected Europe, Indigenous Peoples of the Pacific coast, and China in the late eighteenth to early nineteenth centuries.

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