Further Readings

Augustine, Stephen, Mi’kmaw Teaching Elder. “Four Directions Teachings.” http://www.fourdirectionsteachings.com/transcripts/mikmaq.html.

Bohaker, Heidi. Doodem and Council Fire: Anishinaabe Governance through Alliance. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2020.

Crowshoe, Dr Reg, and Geoff Crow Eagle, Piikani Blackfoot Teaching Elders. “Four Directions Teachings.” http://www.fourdirectionsteachings.com/transcripts/blackfoot.html.

Fanon, Franz. The Wretched of the Earth. New York: Grove Books, 1963. p. 210.

Galloway, Patricia. Practicing Ethnohistory: Mining Archives, Hearing Testimony, Constructing Narrative. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2006.

Hallendy, Norman. An Intimate Wilderness: Arctic Voices in a Land of Vast Horizons. Vancouver: Greystone, 2016.

“Language Keepers of Turtle Island.” https://natahowew.weebly.com.

Lee, Mary, Cree (Nehiyawak) Teaching Elder. “Four Directions Teachings.” http://www.fourdirectionsteachings.com/transcripts/cree.html.

Llewellyn, Kristina, Alexander Freund, and Nolan Reilly, eds. The Canadian Oral History Reader. Montreal and Kingston: McGill–Queen’s University Press, 2015.

Martin, Keavy. Stories in a New Skin: Approaches to Inuit Literature. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 2012.

McGhee, Robert. Canadian Arctic Prehistory. Toronto: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1978.

Pauketat, Timothy. The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015.

Pitawanakwat, Lillian, Ojibwe (Anishinaabe) Teaching Elder. “Four Directions Teachings.” http://www.fourdirectionsteachings.com/transcripts/ojibwe.html.

Porter, Tom, Mohawk (Haudenosaunee) Teaching Elder. “Four Directions Teachings.” http://www.fourdirectionsteachings.com/transcripts/mohawk.html.

Sassaman, Kenneth E., and Donald H. Holly, eds. Hunter-Gatherer Archaeology as Historical Process. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 2013.

Sioui, Georges. Les Wendats: Une civilisation méconnue. Sainte-Foy: Les Presses de l’Université de Laval, 1994.

Walker, Nick. “Mapping Indigenous Languages in Canada.” Canadian Geographic. 2017. https://www.canadiangeographic.ca/article/mapping-indigenous-languages-canada.

Wickens Pearce, Margaret. Coming Home to Indigenous Place Names in Canada. Orono, ME: Canadian–American Center, University of Maine. 2017. https://www.maproomblog.com/2018/09/indigenous-place-names-and-cultural-property.


Canadian Museum of History — Creation Stories: First Peoples > An Aboriginal Presence > Our Origins > Origin Stories

National Geographic — Bering Land Bridge Map

Ondondaga Historical Association — “The Creation Story.” (Video)

Stan Wesley, stanwesley.ca — “The Creation Story” as told by Norman Wesley (Video)

Mahoney, Kathleen — “The Roadblock to Reconciliation: Canada’s Origin Story is False.”

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