1. Do the terms ‘child’, ‘youth’, ‘juvenile’ and ‘young person’ have different legal and social meanings? Why does the terminology around young people matter?
  2. What is Ferdinand (1989) hoping to achieve by asking: ‘Which came first: juvenile delinquency or juvenile justice?’
  3. Why are young people subject to a different system of criminal justice to adults? Do you agree that this should be the case, or should all offenders be treated the same, irrespective of their age?
  4. How would you describe the early rationale(s) for the development of children’s courts?
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