Managing Business Ethics: Tools and Techniques of Business Ethics Management

Adam, A. M. & Rachman-Moore, D. 2004. The methods used to implement an ethical code of conduct and employee attitudes. Journal of Business Ethics, 54: 225-244.
The paper discusses the efficacy of both formal and informal methods of implementing ethical codes of conduct.

Amernic, J., & Craig, R. 2013. Leadership discourse, culture, and corporate ethics: CEO-speak at news corporation. Journal of Business Ethics, 118(2): 379-394.
Article which takes a critical look at how leaders can foster ethical cultures – and in one case an unethical culture.

Arya, B. & Salk, J. E. 2006. Cross-sector alliance learning and effectiveness of voluntary codes of corporate social responsibility. Business Ethics Quarterly, 16(2): 211-234.
Paper discusses the value of cross-sector alliances (between non-profit and for-profit  organizations) as a platform for implementing ethics codes.

Bebbington, J., Unerman, J., & O’Dwyer, B. 2014. Sustainability Accounting and
Accountability. 2nd Ed. New York: Routledge.
Collection of work looking at sustainability and accounting practices.

Bondy, K. 2007. Evaluating the potential effectiveness of codes: The Statement Strength Evaluation Method (SSEM). Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 14(1): 1-15.
Paper presents a tool that allows organizations to compare between codes of conduct, against a backdrop of stakeholder expectations; useful, given the increasing popularity and use of codes.

Bridoux, F., & Stoelhorst, J. 2015. Stakeholder relationships and social welfare: A behavioral theory of contributions to joint value creation. Academy of Management Review, Forthcoming.
Article looking at how firms foster social welfare through facilitating stakeholder engagements that drive value.

Burnes, B., & Todnem By, R. 2012. Leadership and change: the case for greater ethical clarity. Journal of Business Ethics, 108(2): 239-252.
Article that, using a consequentialist analysis, looks at the literatures on leadership and organizational change.

Eccles, R. G., Ioannou, I., & Serafeim, G. 2011. The impact of corporate      sustainability on organizational processes and performance. Management      Science, 60(11): 2835-2857.
Empirical research which argues that companies with strong cultures of sustainability outperform over the long term.

Fassin, Y., Van Rossem, A. and Buelens, M., 2011. Small-business owner-managers’ perceptions of business ethics and CSR-related concepts. Journal of Business Ethics, 98(3), pp.425-453.
This article looks at small business owner-managers and sensemaking related to business ethics and corporate social responsibility.

Fooks, G., Gilmore, A., Collin, J., Holden, C., & Lee, K. 2012. The Limits of Corporate     
Social Responsibility: Techniques of Neutralization, Stakeholder Management    and Political CSR. Journal of Business Ethics, 112(2): 283-299
A piece that critically examines CSR, asking how it can be used to subvert the public good.

Frederick, W. 1991. The Moral Authority of Transnational Corporate Codes. Journal of Business Ethics, 10: 165-177.
This article looks at the moral reasons in support of codes.

Gotsis, G., & Grimandi, K. 2015. Virtue theory and organizational behavior: an     
integrative framework. Journal of Management Development, 34(10): 1288-1309.
Article that extends virtue ethics to questions of organizational behaviour, institutional reform, and institutional design.

Leisinger, K. 2003. Opportunities and Risks of the United Nations Global Compact: The Novartis Case Study. Journal of Corporate Citizenship, 11: 113-131.
This article is a case study based on how Novartis implemented the Global Compact.

May, D.R., Luth, M.T. and Schwoerer, C.E., 2014. The influence of business ethics education on moral efficacy, moral meaningfulness, and moral courage: A quasi-experimental study. Journal of Business Ethics, 124(1), pp.67-80.
This research examines whether courses on ethical decision making can positively influence individuals’ confidence in dealing with ethical issues at work.

Owen, D. and Swift, T. 2001. Introduction Social accounting, reporting and auditing: Beyond the rhetoric?. Business Ethics: A European Review, 10(1): 4-8.
As the title says, and introduction to these three topics.

Paine, L., Deshpande, R., Margolis, J., and Bettcher, K.E. 2005. Up to Code: Does Your Company’s Conduct Meet World-Class Standards?. Harvard Business Review, December 2005: 122-133.
This is a brief article describing the necessary components of an effective code.

Schwartz, M. 2001. The Nature of the Relationship between Corporate Codes of Ethics and Behaviour. Journal of Business Ethics, 32(3): 247-262.
This study highlights the impact that codes have in influencing the behaviour of individuals at work.
Shin, Y., Sung, S.Y., Choi, J.N. and Kim, M.S., 2015. Top management ethical leadership and firm performance: Mediating role of ethical and procedural justice climate. Journal of Business Ethics, 129(1), pp.43-57.
This paper draws on institutional theory to argue that top management ethical leadership contributes to organizational outcomes by promoting firm-level ethical and procedural justice outcomes.

Shum, P.K. and Yam, S.L., 2011. Ethics and law: Guiding the invisible hand to correct corporate social responsibility externalities. Journal of Business Ethics, 98(4), pp.549-571.
This study identifies the key factors and their interactions that influence economically motivated managers to take on voluntary CSR.

Sims, R. R. & Brinkmann, J. 2003. Enron ethics (Or: Culture matters more than codes). Journal of Business Ethics, 45(3): 243-256.
A salutary lesson on the dangers of over-reliance on codes of conduct to ensure ethical behaviour.

Trevino, Linda K., and Katherine A. Nelson. Managing business ethics: Straight talk about how to do it right. John Wiley & Sons, 2016.
This text provides an overall picture of business ethics, suitable for a wide range of audiences, as it assesses business ethics from at both the individual and organizational levels.

Weaver, G., Trevino, L. and Cochran, P. 1999. Corporate Ethics Programs as Control Systems: Influences of Executive Commitment and Environmental Factors. Academy of Management Journal, 42 (1): 41-57.
This study looks at how different factors such as the media attention to a firm’s ethics impact the corporate ethics program within an organization.

Wines, W. A. & Hamilton III, J. B. 2009. On changing organizational cultures by injecting new ideologies: The power of stories. Journal of Business Ethics, 89: 433–447.
This paper addresses the issue of what it takes to change a corporate culture; arguing that an ethics office with proper reporting paths and an ethics code is only a beginning.