Roman litigation

  1. Discuss the legal rules governing the execution of the judgement in the formulary procedure. How do these different from those used in the earlier (actions-at-law) procedure?
  2. Set out and explain the elements of the procedure ‘at law’ (in iure) down to litis contestation in the formulary procedure. Indicate the significance of each stage with reference to the main parts of the formula.
  3. List and discuss the three actions-at-law that could be used to during the substance of the lawsuit.
  4. Set out and explain the main differences between the formulary and the cognitio procedure.
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